Laugh has many benefits, especially in the adversity. Laugh can be used as a great therapy. In 1961, the war jokes about the Berlin were prevailing in Western countries such as Russia, Egypt and Iran. Laugh can also protect self-respect and identity.
Laughing has many benefits, especially in adversity.
Laughing is not only a kind of humor, but also a great therapy.
The war jokes about the Berlin Wall were widespread in western countries after the Second World War.
The war jokes helped people recover from the pain caused by the war.
Laughing can also protect self-respect and identity.
Indian peasants debt（印度农民的债务）
In this lecture, the speaker talked about the Indian peasants. In the beginning of the lecture he mentioned that Indian peasants have very high economical pressure.
They are lack of capital, but they have to buy seeds. As the price of seeds were raised by seeds companies.
They become poorer and poorer. And they have to borrow money from seeds companies.
The pesticides have to be used continuously since the first time and the price increased by 40 folds in the past 5 years.
The high volume and increased price of pesticides both contributed to the high debts.
At the end of the lecture, he concluded that Debt on peasant is increasing due to high use of pesticide.
Irish woman Mary Mallon immigrated to the US in 19th century.
Mary Mallon was an excellent cook, pride of and satisfied with her life.
Mary Mallon was a typhoid carrier.
The bacteria can be transmitted through food and water.
22 people were infected by her and one of them died.
Before Mary passed away, she always denied that she was sick.
Marry mallon变题（可能是，机经我从没考过，和机经录音不一样），是个女的说的，口音很清晰，除了介绍marry的一些经历外，还解释了一下typhoid fever 是什么，一般有什么症状，通过food and water 传播。说到marry的时候说她by repute an excellent cook，有时候住在朋友家有时候住雇主家，她应该生活比较快乐因为有表现pride and satisfaction。她可能不知道自己有病，因为只有minor flu like symptoms，但其他人就严重得多，22个感染1人死亡。还说了很多年份，没记住。内容很多，得挑着写。
Governments use tricks
In this lecture, the speaker talked about government and democracy.
In the beginning of the lecture, the speaker mentioned that Citizen should be well informed, which stands for democracy.
He further discussed that in some societies people are deliberately hidden from the truth.
At the end of the lecture, he concluded that some Governments do all tricks in the book to cover their mistake.
The lecture talks about the devolution of power from government to the general public.
At the beginning of the lecture, the speaker first stated the need to modify government power, which is a philosophical question.
He further mentioned different opinions holding by the Democratic Party and the Republican Party.
While the Democratic Party claims that government should hold the big power and entitlements, the republicans believe government should share its powers with the states and people.
The Republican Party was decided to hide power from the general public.