Essay写作风格需要如何养成?
      毫无疑问,每位留学生在写作essay的时候风格都不太一样,毕竟每个人的用词和表达方式都有所差异。而养成自己的写作风格,能让自己的essay更有辨识度,从而加深导师对你的印象。那么该如何养成自己的<a href="http://australiaway.org">essay写作</a>风格呢?下面就给大家讲解一下。

      Academic Style

      研究下面这一段,poor style的表达。

      How to make people work harder is a topic that lots of people have written about in the last few years.There are lots of different theories etc and I think some of them are ok.When we think about this we should remember the old Chinese proverb,that you can lead a horse to water but you can’t make it drink.So how do we increase production?It’s quite a complex subject but I’ll just talk about a couple of ideas.

      这段话可以用更合适的style改写:

      Motivation has been the subject of numerous studies during recent decades,but this essay will focus on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory(1943)and Herzberg’s two-factor theory(1966).Their contemporary relevance to the need to motivate employees effectively will be examined critically,given that this can be considered crucial to a firm’s survival in the current economic climate.

      Guidelines

      对于所有的情况,以及所有的学科,都没有适用于学术风格的规则。下面的guidelines可以帮助你形成自己的风格。

      (a)不要使用习惯用语或口语词汇:kids,boss.Instead use standard English:children,manager。

      (b)准确地使用词汇。rule和law,或者weather和climate之间有区别,如果你研究这些主题,你就会知道它们是什么。

      (c)在处理事实或数据时尽可能的精确。避免像a hundred或hundreds of years ago那样的短语。如果有必要估计数字,使用approximately而不是about。

      (d)结论应该使用试探性的语言。避免像unemployment causes crime。相反,使用谨慎的短语:unemployment may cause crime或tends to cause crime。

      (e)避免显示你的个人态度的副词:luckily,remarkably,surprisingly。

      (f)不要收缩动词形式:don’t,can’t。使用完整的形式:do not,cannot。

      (g)虽然学术英语倾向于使用被动语态,而不是标准英语,但它不应该被过度使用。两者都是需要的。比较:

      Galileo discovered the moons of Jupiter.

      The moons of Jupiter were discovered by Galileo.

      在第一种情况下,重点是伽利略,在第二种被动语态中,重点是卫星。

      (h)避免以下内容:

      like for introducing examples.Use such as or for instance.

      thing and combinations nothing or something.Use factor,issue or topic.

      lots of.Use a significant/considerable number.

      little/big.Use small/large.

      ‘get’phrases such as get better/worse.Use improve and deteriorate.

      good/bad are simplistic.Use positive/negative(e.g.the changes had several positive aspects).

      (i)不使用诸如Why did war break out in 1914?Instead,use statements:

      There were three reasons for the outbreak of war…

      (j)避免在你的文章中编号,除了报告和长文章。使用连接词和符号表达来介绍新的部分(Turning to the question of detecting cancer...).

      (k)在写列表时,避免使用etc.或者and so on。在最后一项:The main products were pharmaceuticals,electronic goods and confectionery.。

      (l)避免使用两个词动词,如“as go on”或“bring up”。使用continue或raise。

      以上就是关于如何养成自己essay写作风格的方法,形成自己写作风格还有一个好处,那就是导师会更加相信essay是你自己写的。
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