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Affect /effect傻傻分不清楚?你要知道的全在这儿啦~

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中秋嫦娥

发表于 2017/7/31 15:40:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
affect和effect都是影响的意思,但到底有什么区别,能否混用呢?

回答是:当然不可以。虽然这两者中文意思类似,但从英语的角度而言,词义和用法完全不同。下面这张图就能说明大部分的问题:

从图上可见,affect更强调一种动作,而effect更强调结果——那么其他呢??



两者最基本的区别在于:

Affect最基本的用法是一个动词,意思是:to influence or make a difference。翻译成中文是,去影响和改变。例句有:

-->Research suggests that the neighborhood you live in can affect how well your children perform at school.

--> The long periods of separation never affected her love for her mother.

--> Continuous rain since mid-June has resulted in widespread flooding, affecting over 119 million people.

--> He is in no doubt that thousands of people will be seriously affected if this proposal becomes a reality.

而effect则即可兼做名词及动词。虽然名词性的用法比动词更加常见。但作为名词时,effect常常包含着一种结果在里面。即‘a result or an influence'

例句有:

--> It was clear that the strong windy conditions were going to have an immediate effect on the result of the game.

--> The beneficial effects of exercise are well documented.

--> Corporations need to think about the long-term effects of their actions.

--> The legislation had the effect of pushing up the cost of houses.

在作为动词时:effect的意思是“to bring something about as a result”。常常被用来在较为正式的上下文中。例如,撰写报告中,而不是日常交流。

--> The couple had been separated for two years, but her boyfriend tried to effect a reconciliation.

--> A Royal Commission appointed in 1906 effected several reforms.

--> Governments can mobilize the political will and resources to effect change when they choose to.

要辨别两者之间差异的关键在于,牢记affect通常被当成一个动词,例如

A bout of rheumatic fever in his youth had affected his health throughout his life.

而effect通常会被用来作为名词:

Participants were asked to volunteer for a study looking at the effects of stress on their health.

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