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发表于 2017/6/23 17:02:41 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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In under-developed countries, tourism has disadvantages and can be the opposite as well. Do you agree?
解题思路两步走
Step 1 从题目中找关键词
       under-developed countries, tourism, disadvantage, opposite
Step 2 找论点:
优点:发展旅游业促进经济发展,因为各行各业,例如酒店,餐饮,交通以及基础设施都会因此发展。随着游客的涌入,这会带来经济上的利益。而且还会创造很多工作机会,同时也缓解了失业的问题。
缺点:对于这些贫穷国家来说,伴随快速发展的旅游业的问题就是环境污染。因为这些国家一般来说,环境保护法不健全!他们实际上是以破坏生态系统为代价在发展经济和旅游业。
写作结构——四段式
第一段:题干很短,所以添加一句背景句,再给出个人立场(本文选的是中立写法,一边倒的写法也是可以的)。
第二段:首先提出观点,boost economic growth。然后展开解释,因为很多social aspects都会发展壮大来满足旅客的需求。最后补充说明,带来的结果就是financial benefits such as consumerism and trading,而且还可以creating more job opportunities,alleviating other social issues like unemployment。
第三段:首先套路句开头转折并提出观点,environmental pollution。然后展开解释,因为incomprehensive laws on environmental regulation。最后补充说明,并给出了一个例子,amount of clean and drinkable water减少。
第四段总结第二段和第三段的观点。最后给出自己的立场,只有在保护环境和发展旅游业中取得平衡,国家和其居民才会真正地受益。

满分作文示范
Tourism has become the backbone of some countries, especially those under-developed nations with weak economic development. Some claim that it has adverse effects on the country itself, but others say otherwise. I personally believe that tourism could be a double-edged sword.
For both governments and countries, investing money in tourism helps to boost economic growth. That is to say, with an attempt to attract more tourists, social aspects like hotels, transportation, restaurants and infrastructure have to grow in size to meet the demand of international visitors. Evidently, the inflow of foreigners amounts to increasing financial benefits such as consumerism and trading, and this also contributes to creating more job opportunities for the domestic job market, simultaneously alleviating other social issues like unemployment.
Having said that, this does not necessarily mean that its demerits can be overlooked. The most worrying issue associated with burgeoning tourism is environmental pollution.It is widely acknowledged that incomprehensive laws on environmental regulation are generally prevalent in poverty-stricken countries. Unfortunately, they actually develop their tourism and economy at the price of jeopardizing the eco-system. For example, the amount of clean and drinkable water has been dropping consistently in Africa as a result of a discharge of industrial effluent and other illegal toxic waste at an alarming rate, so children are widely found growing up in poor health and suffering.
In conclusion, pouring money into tourism can not only stimulate a country’s economic advancement, but also backfire on its ecological balance and people as a whole. Only when these countries strike a balance between preserving the nature and developing tourism, can they, along with its residents, be the beneficiaries in this respect.
274 words

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