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10个Native Speaker常Get错的词汇,你是不是使用正确呢?

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中秋嫦娥

发表于 2017/6/27 16:53:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 yongjia25 于 2017/6/27 16:54 编辑

给大家总结了10个我们经常会get错的词汇,虽然PTE考试作文里要求的不是那么严格,但是用词正确还是必须的。赶快来一起看一看是哪10个词我们经常搞错吧!


1. Ultimate
What you think it means: The one, the only. The best.
What it really means: The last item of a list.
Some people do actually use this one properly. You may see someone list off a bunch of things and hear them say, “Okay, at the store we need eggs, milk, juice, and ultimately, butter.” That is actually the proper use of ultimate. There is no other context or added context. It simply means the last one.
说到这个单词,我们现在常用的是“终极的”,听上去就感觉是最厉害,最强的含义。而我们往往引申含义用得太多,忘记了这个单词本身还有“最后的”“最终的”的意思,最后会导致一些同学对于这个词在听力、阅读部分的理解错误。

2. Conversate
What you think it means: To have a conversation.
What it really means: Nothing.
Conversate actually doesn’t exist and I’ll prove it to you. Go into a program that underlines words with red if they’re spelled wrong. Now type out conversate. Did you see the red line? Conversate was meant to be a mixture of conversation and converse and be used as a verb. However, converse is a verb and there really isn’t a need for a second verb to describe the same action.
这其实是不存在的一个单词,很多英文国家的人都认为有,为什么呢?因为大家都认为它是conversation的词根,是交谈的动词的形式。不少同学肯定也是这么以为的哦!其实并没有conversate这个单词!!可千万别再用啦!!那么“交谈”的正确动词形式是什么呢?正确答案是Converse

3. Bemused
What you think it means: Amused.
What it really means: Confused.
This is one of the many words on this list that will make you strongly dislike the English language. Despite looking all but identical to the word amused, bemused doesn’t even come close to meaning the same thing. If you are bemused then you are actually confused.
这个单词也是Native Speaker也会get错的,因为它和be amused实在太像了。不少人望文生义的就以为它是“be amused 愉快的”的意思,但其实它是“困惑的,茫然的”的含义。

4. Nauseous
What you think it means: To feel ill.
What it really means: To cause feelings of illness.
This is another understandable mishap that a lot of people make. If you actually feel sick then you are nauseated. The object that made you feel ill is nauseous. Here’s how this works. If you’re at an amusement park and you’re sitting next to a full trash can, the fumes from the trash may make you feel ill. That means the fumes from the trash can are nauseous because they are making you feel nauseated.
这个单词很多同学搞不清楚和sick, ill有什么区别,它的关键之处就在于含义是“令人作呕的”,发下没?“令人”!sick和ill则更侧重于nauseous之后的“感觉”。

5. Redundant
What you think it means: Repetitive.
What it really means: Unnecessarily excessive.
This one is tough because you can use it wrong but unintentionally use it right. When you repeat something a bunch of times, it can become redundant, but redundant expands far beyond just repeating things over and over. A popular thing companies are doing now is firing people but instead of calling it “getting fired,” they call it “eliminating redundancies.” The premise being that the employee they’re firing is unnecessary and excessive and they are thus eliminating them. In pretty much any scenario where there is simply too much of something, it is redundant.
很多同学认为redundant这个单词单纯的就是指“多”“重复”。但其实它包含的含义是“多余”“冗余”的,强调的是“完全没必要的多”。

6. Terrific
What you think it means: Fantastic, good.
What it really means: Horrific, to inspire fear.
This is another one that we expect will be changed in the dictionary eventually because barely anyone uses the real meaning anymore. When people say they feel terrific, they mean to say they feel fantastic. An example of something terrific is King Kong. You see a giant monster and it inspires fear. We’re going to loop awesome in with this one too. Awesome simply means to inspire awe and people often use it to describe something really good.
这个单词在口语用途已经引申了不少,变成了“很棒”的含义。但是它在书面上的含义依旧是相对来说负面的“极其”。所以提醒各位同学,在PTE考试的时候还是尽量避免它来表示正面含义哦!

7. Disinterested
What you think it means: Bored.
What it really means: Neutral.
A good way to remember this one is that there is a word that means bored and it’s uninterested. If you’re uninterested, you’re bored. Being disinterested is the long-form equivalent of stating that you don’t care about something.
这个单词的含义是“无私的”,“公正的”,是一个中性的单词,很多人会认为这个单词是“不感兴趣的”“无聊的”的意思。但其实“不感兴趣的”有另一个词Uninterested表示!

8. i.e.
What you think it means: For example.
What it really means: In other words.
This is one among a number of shortened words that confuse people. Here’s a quick guide on how to use them. Et cetera is etc., example is ex. or e.g., and in other words is i.e. When you use i.e. you’re essentially putting it there to let people know that you’re going to be stating the same information in different words. Here’s how it really works. It’s June and I moved into my new apartment in April, i.e., two months ago.
这是很多人会和e.g.搞混的一个缩写,它表示的是“in other words”的含义,而不是举例。举例应该是e.g.哦!但是提醒一下大家,在PTE考试的写作里最好不要用这类缩写!一定要写全拼!

9. Total
Total means exactly what you think it means but total is used unnecessarily on a frequent basis. When there is a total of 50 people who do something, the total is 50 whether or not you use the word “total.” Or you might hear someone say that they were totally surprised. Surprise is not a conditional emotion. You were either surprised or not. The use of total didn’t add anything of value to the sentence. In most cases, the definition is correct but using the word is repetitive when put in context with the rest of the sentence.
total这个单词很容易理解,但是经常在使用中被过度的滥用。很多同学在写作和口语中都会出现这样的情况哦!例如上文中举的这个例子: there is a total of 50 people who... 除非是在需要特别强调总数的情况下,否则这个total就是多余的,去掉它变成there is 50 people who...是完全一样的效果。在写作和口语里可要千万注意避免这类多余用词的情况哦!

10. Peruse
What you think it means: To skim or browse.
What it really means: To observe in depth.
When you peruse something, you are actually taking a very close look at it. When you’re at a record store (remember those?) and you’re just running through a stack of records, you are just browsing. If you pick up a record and look at the artist, track list, and additional information on the back, then your are perusing.
这个词很容易和browse搞混,它的确切含义是“仔细考察”“精读”,强调的是in depth. 如果你在书店里随便浏览一下,那是browse, 但是如果你想要找某本书,仔细的查看它的各类信息,那才是perusing. 很多同学为了显得自己词汇高大上而乱用这个词汇替换browse,千万不能再用错啦!​​​​







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